The Institute for Sustainable Futures was issued a $5,000 grant to fund the production of a report entitled The Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme and the potential impact on farm animal welfare. The report investigates the Governments proposed Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS), designed to reduce Australias carbon pollution, which currently excludes agriculture and livestock emissions from its inventory. So, while there are many participants involved in the debate, animal welfare concerns are currently mostly absent. The report identifies possible animal welfare consequences which may result from the implementation of an Emissions Trading Scheme including diet manipulation, selective breeding, livestock management and rumen manipulation. It also provides possible solutions to the problem of managing emissions reductions with animal welfare issues.